Sarah Short of Delhi (1818-1881)

19 March 1818, Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire, England
13 March 1837, Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire, England
20 November 1881, Delhi, Delaware, Iowa, USA

Sarah Short was born the 19 Mar 1818 in Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire, England2 to parents Edward Short and Sarah Austin. Sarah was christened the 8 Nov 1818 at St. Mary's Church in Ivinghoe.3

Sarah was raised in Ivinghoe where she lost her mother at the age of 2, due to what appears to be complications following the birth of her younger sister Susannah, and her father at the age of 17. (Whether Sarah had to get by on her own as something like a housekeeper or if she was able to band together with her siblings is unknown. It should also be noted that Sarah possibly had 3 surviving half-siblings as well from her father's first marriage that may have been able to help.)

Not long after her father's death, Sarah met George Simons and the couple was married on the 13 Mar 1837 in Ivinghoe at St. Mary's Church.4

The couple would welcome their first child, a son, Thomas Simons into the world on 10 May 1839 and a daughter, Maria Simons, would follow on 02 Jun 1841.

On the 1841 UK Census the family is noted as living in Ivinghoe, Buckinghamshire, England in the hamlet of Greatgap. The family consists of George, 20; Sarah, 20; Thomas, 2; and Maria, 3 months; The registration district is Leighton Buzzard.5

The family must have had some difficulty because within a year of the census they packed their bags and crossed the pond. The 1839 Robson's directory to Buckinghamshire seems to confirm this as George is not listed even though we know he lived here. This would make sense if he had trouble finding work.

Around the 15 May 1842 the Simons family departs London, England aboard the passenger ship Philadelphia. The Philadelphia docked in New York, New York on the 30 May 1842, where the arrival manifest noted the family as George, 25, farmer, from Great Britian, travelling with wife Sarah, 23, son Thomas, 2, and daughter Maria, 10 months.6

Nothing is known about the next 8 years, until the family turns up on the 1850 U.S. Census in North Royalton, Cuyahoga, Ohio (known as Royalton at the time). By this time George is listed as a laborer, 33, and Sarah, age 32.7 They have 2 additional children, a son Jesse was born in 1843 and another son John Edward Simons was born 6 May 1846.

In June of 1850, Sarah gives birth to their next child Charles Joseph Simons and follows up again on 07 Feb 1853 with their last child, a duaghter, Mary Ellen Simons.

In early 1860 the Simons family left North Royalton and migrated to the American heartland where they settled on a farm in Delhi Township, Linn, Iowa.

The family didn't have much time to settle as the Civil War broke out in 1861 and in August 1862 George and son Thomas joined the Union Army. They both were assigned to Company K of Iowa's 21st Infantry where they fought alongside each other.8

On the 9 Jan 1863, while seeing action during a skirmish in Hartsville, Missiouri, George suffered wounds to the head and knee of which was noted he would "take the rebel lead to his grave".1

George and Thomas would continue fighting until George was taken sick in Texas and transferred on 29 Feb 1864 to the invalid corps (reserves) in Baton Rouge, Louisiana where he contracted smallpox.

George was honorably discharged on 1 May 1865. Thomas stayed in the 21st and mustered out at the completion of his service on 15 Jul 1865.

George returned home to his family, which is where we find him on the 1870 census. Back on the family farm in Delhi living with wife Sarah, 52, and daughter Mary Ellen, 17.9

By 1880 George and Sarah were alone in their house but son Thomas and his wife had moved in next door. It's more than likely George sold Thomas a portion of his land to cut the workload as he got older, or to just groom Thomas to take over the family farm.10

On 20 Nov 1881 Sarah Short-Simons died of what was written as "Paralysis of the Heart". She was buried in Delhi Township in Evergreen Cemetery.2, 11

After Sarah's death, George moved in with his youngest daughter Mary Ellen and her husband Charles Robinson and their children. He was counted as living with them on the 1885 Iowa State Census where he was noted as being 67 years old.12

In 1887, George returned to England for reasons no longer known. It was here, in the town of Pitstone (which adjoins the town of Ivinghoe of his youth) where George died at the age of 70 on 1 Apr 1888.13

It is not known if George was buried in England or if he was returned to his family in Iowa for burial, but there is a headstone for him alongside is wife at the Evergreen Cemetery in Delhi Township stating his death occured in Pitstone, England.


Edward Short, 1772 - 1835


Sarah Austin, 28 Mar 1784 - 1820


George Simons, 25 Dec 1817 - 01 Apr 1888


  1. Thomas Simons, 10 May 1839 – 03 Apr 1919
  2. Maria Simons, 02 Jun 1841 – 26 Jun 1911
  3. Jesse Simons, 1843 – ?
  4. John Edward "Ed" Simons, 06 May 1846 – 10 Sep 1914
  5. Charles Joseph Simons, Jun 1850 – 25 Jun 1924
  6. Mary Ellen Simons, 07 Feb 1853 – 13 Jun 1912


A More research is needed for confirmation, but grandson Fred Christian (through daughter Maria) visited the family from Ohio in late 1881-early 1882 after he had been diagnosed with Tuberculosis in July of that year. It was thought that a change of weather in Iowa might help him recover. It could be unrelated, but it's possible a contagious Fred got his grandmother Sarah sick and caused her death that November.


1 Biography of George Simons; "The History of Delaware County, Iowa", authored and published by Western Historical Company, Chicago, 1878; Library of Congress; George Simons, Delhi Township; pg.606.

2 Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1682-2012 about Sarah Short Simons; Find A Grave. Find A Grave ( : accessed 28 January 2013; See headstone inscription for date of birth; Memorial No.: 74157817.

3 England Christening of Sarah Short; "England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 19 Jan 2014), Sarah Short, 08 Nov 1818.

4 Marriage of George Simons and Sarah Short; "England Marriages, 1538–1973 ," index, FamilySearch ( : accessed 19 Jan 2014), George Simmons and Sarah Short, 13 Mar 1837.

5 1841 England Census about George Simmons; Class: HO107; Piece: 50; Book: 1; Civil Parish: Ivinghoe; County: Buckinghamshire; Enumeration District: 1; Folio: 4; Page: 2; Line: 16; GSU roll: 241215.

6 New York, Passenger Lists, 1820-1957 about George Simmens; Year: 1842; Arrival: New York, New York; Microfilm Serial: M237; Microfilm Roll: 48; Line: 9; List Number: 407.

7 1850 United States Federal Census about George Simmons; Year: 1850; Census Place: Royalton, Cuyahoga, Ohio; Roll: M432_673; Page: 158B; Image: 510.

8 U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 about George Simons; Historical Data Systems, comp. U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 [database on-line]. Provo, UT, USA: Operations Inc, 2009. Original data: Data compiled by Historical Data Systems of Kingston, MA from the following list of works.

9 1870 United States Federal Census about George Simons; Year: 1870; Census Place: Delhi, Delaware, Iowa; Roll: M593_387; Page: 103B; Image: 210; Family History Library Film: 545886.

10 1880 United States Federal Census about George Simons; Year: 1880; Census Place: Delhi, Delaware, Iowa; Roll: 336; Family History Film: 1254336; Page: 434B; Enumeration District: 155; Image: 0651.

11 Deaths, Register of - Delaware Co. Iowa Vol.1 about Sarah Simons, 1811; Iowa Death Records Index 1880-1906 ( : accessed 13 May 2014).

12 Iowa, State Census Collection, 1885 about George Simons; Microfilm of Iowa State Censuses, 1885 obtained from the State Historical Society of Iowa via Heritage Quest; Roll: IA1885_175; Line: 17; Family: 87; Dehli, Delaware, Iowa.

13 Biography of Charles Robinson; "History of Delaware County, Iowa and its People, Illustrated, Volume II"; The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company, 1914, Chicago; Charles Robinson; Page 409-410. Call Number 977.7385 H2m; LDS microfilm #934937.

14 Ohio, Find A Grave Index, 1682-2012 about George Simons; Find A Grave. Find A Grave ( : accessed 28 January 2013; See headstone inscription for date of birth; Memorial No.: 74158010.


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